I have trouble with the term "reading music", as no one really agrees on what it means. When a teacher says that they teach their students to "read music", most of the time this translate to "they can look at notation on a staff and identify the letter names, sometimes with accidentals".
I don't consider that reading. That's like looking at the opening to the constitution and saying "that's a w, and then an e, then there's a space, and a t followed by an h and a e", even being able to say "We the people..." doesn't mean you know what it MEANS.
When I think of "reading" English, I don't think of sounding out and identifying letters, or even of saying words correctly, I think of looking at symbols (writing) and HEARING the words inside your head and KNOWING what those words mean.
To translate to music, this would mean a "reader" can see the symbols (notation) and HEAR what it will sound like (audiate) and understand the MEANING of the sounds (pattern/tonality recognition)
I know, big words, and I'm not defining most of them, did I mention I need you to bear with me?
Music literacy encompasses so much, but at the end of the day I believe the most essential skill is audiation. When you visualize, you create visual input in your head when it's not present in reality. When you audiate, you create aural (sound) input in your head when it's not present in reality.
Let's try an experiment to see if you can audiate:
If you heard "BAH BAH BAH" in your head immediately after reading those words, congratulations! You're audiating!
When I say that my students are learning to "read music" or develop "music literacy", the measurable skill I am referring to is audiation, to ability to create sounds in your head without them being present in the real world. When they see a sequence of pitches on the staff, they have the tools to decode those and know what they will sound like. Not what the letter names are, but the actual musical sound, because we are reading music, not letters.
I think knowing letter names is important, and I do cover it as well, but I think 90% of students forget this skill the minute they are out of our classrooms. What they won't forget (at least not immediately) is the increased skill in ear-training and music reading that result from proper aural training.
Here's the core of it: We don't have time to teach everything.
If my students can learn only one thing while in chorus, it's going to be how to hear.
The best tool that I've found is handsign solfege, with a movable do
I have never seen letter names help a musician without years of lessons learn how to actually hear and reproduce pitch without an instrument.
More to come, stay tuned!